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Youth Agripreneurship in the Horticultural Value-Chain: The Case of Small-Scale Mango Farmers in Southern Ghana

Author(s): 
Rexford Akrong
Stephen G. Mbogoh
Patrick Irungu
Theme: 
Leverage private sector for increasing youth employment and employability

Developing partners are promoting and encouraging participation in agriculture or entrepreneurship in agriculture by the youth in Sub-Saharan Africa which is popularly known as youth agripreneurship. While participation in the production and marketing of food crops by youth has received a lot of attention on both policy and academic fronts, the low level of involvement of youth in the horticultural value-chain has received little attention. To this end, this study conducted a comparative analysis of youth and the elderly in mango production and marketing in Southern Ghana and assessed the factors that influence participation of youth in horticultural value-chain considering high-value mango markets. Using the multistage sampling technique and semi-structured questionnaire, primary data for the empirical analysis done in the study were collected from 224 mango producing households in Southern Ghana. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the binary logit model. The study found that there exists differences between the youth and the elderly in terms of socioeconomic factors including education of household head, household size, resource endowment (income); and their access to institutional and support services including certification, credit, extension services and group membership. The findings of the binary logit model indicate that household size, being a youth, mango land size, access to storage facilities, ownership of a tricycle, and the interaction terms age and access to credit and age and certification influenced participation in high-value mango markets. The implication of these findings are that development partners should pay attention to the provision of credit and the promotion of certification among youth mango farmers in Southern Ghana. Access to credit can be provided through the provision of loans and financial literacy by financial institutions to ensure access to resources by the youth. Also, certification can be promoted through the provision of extension services and regular agronomic trainings