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Internal migration and youth entrepreneurshipin Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

A. Kikandi Kiuma
Abdelkrim Araar
Kamala C. Kaghoma
Leverage private sector for increasing youth employment and employability

This paper analyses the youth internal migration in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and its impact on entrepreneurship start-up in a fresh post-conflict context. Building on a national representative survey conducted in 2005, a recursive bivariate Probit specification is used to jointly estimate the decision models of both migration and entrepreneurship. To evaluate the robustness of results, the propensity score matching method is used to test the concordance of the results after wiping out the redundant impact of unobserved factors. The two main conclusions are that youth migration increases the probability of being entrepreneur, but in the informal sector. In addition, like secondary and post-secondary education, the duration after migrating is an important factor to being entrepreneur in the formal sector. These basic conclusions are of the nature to lighten the policymakers on the importance of promoting secondary and post-secondary education as well as inclusive growth investments that may absorb more youth laborer in formal sectors. This is not only the first exercise in the case of the DRC but also, focusing on the youth, it makes a unique contribution to the literature related to the link between migration and entrepreneurship in a post-war context