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Entreprendre dans l’agro–industrie : choix ou dernier recours des jeunes en R.D. Congo ?

Author(s): 
Mangole Dady Cool
Dontsop–Nguezet Paul
Theme: 
Leverage private sector for increasing youth employment and employability

This study sought to analyse the perception of young people who get involved in agro–industry in DRC, especially in the South–Kivu. In other words, this study wanted to know whether young people get involved in agro–industry because of the lack of other opportunities or it is by free choice. The perception of being in agro–industry by choice or as a last resort has been measured in two ways: on the one hand, through employment satisfaction index, and on other hand through self–reporting about the perception of being in agro–industry. Data were gathered from a random stratified sample of 398 young people. In fact, alpha of Cronbach coefficient (0.894) tested internal coherence of employment satisfaction indicators. Moreover, both descriptive and econometrics approaches provided results which show a low overall satisfaction index (0.584) which leads to report that agro–industry is a last resort work option for young people in the South - Kivu. This implies that young people get involved in agro–industry because of the lack of other options. However, the perception of being in agro–industry by choice or as a last resort is significantly influenced by socioeconomics characteristics, degree of risk aversion, orientation in Agricole Production Chain (APC) and parents’ background. Hence, decision– makers should take into account these factors in their policies in order to increase the level of utility of young people who get involved in agro–industry. In fact, policies should be able to encourage the youth to get more involved in the phase of transformation, to join associations; to promote entrepreneurial mind rather than employability, among other options.